Part of the maintenance tasks of a Linux system are repetitive, fortunately Linux offers you cronjobs.
What are cronjobs?
Cron jobs are repetitive tasks executed by the cron daemon, and a deamon is a program that runs all the time in a Linux system, so cron deamon takes care of these tasks and execute them according to an schedule.
Years ago I have written a more complete guide to crontab and cron job, let's now focus on listing them.
Will list the cronjobs for the current user, but what about other user's cronjobs?
You will have to be root or have sudo powers in order to list other users' cronjobs
sudo crontab -u username -l
But how to know which users have scheduled cronjobs?
Linux has a spool folder for scheduled jobs, being them cron deamon's jobs, or printer jobs.
sudo ls -1 /var/spool/cron/crontabs
That command will list all users with active cronjobs, then you can use
sudo crontab -u username -l to know the cronjobs of an specific users.
In Debian like systems, you will find a useful structure to add jobs to be executed daily, weekly or monthly.
/etc/crontab file in Ubuntu.
# Example of job definition: # .---------------- minute (0 - 59) # | .------------- hour (0 - 23) # | | .---------- day of month (1 - 31) # | | | .------- month (1 - 12) OR jan,feb,mar,apr ... # | | | | .---- day of week (0 - 6) (Sunday=0 or 7) OR sun,mon,tue,wed,thu,fri,sat # | | | | | # * * * * * user-name command to be executed 17 * * * * root cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.hourly 25 6 * * * root test -x /usr/sbin/anacron || ( cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.daily ) 47 6 * * 7 root test -x /usr/sbin/anacron || ( cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.weekly ) 52 6 1 * * root test -x /usr/sbin/anacron || ( cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.monthly ) #
As it can be seen, every day the file
/etc/cron.daily is executed, and every week the
/etc/cron.weekly file is executed, and every month the file
/etc/cron.monthly is executed. Inside those files you can add (as root) any task you need to execute according to those periods of time.